french manual of arms

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french manual of arms

Linguee Look up words and phrases in comprehensive, reliable bilingual dictionaries and search through billions of online translations. Blog Press Information Linguee Apps You helped to increase the quality of our service. Included also are notes on how the drills had to be changed to meet the conditions in New France. French Arms Drill of the 18th Century by J. A. Houlding. 60 pgs., more than 100 illustrations. By clicking on a check box you will add or remove a parameter for related product suggestions. You can click on any checkboxes to add the item to yourWhen you finallyAbridgement of the New Broad Sword Exercize, London, 1797. ThisIn the Preface the author makes the point that it is designedIt contains a series of illustrations explaining such Exercises of von Steuben or, the Manual Exercize and Evolutions of the Cavalry; As. Practiced in the Late American Army, New York, 1794. This workThis 27 page pamphlet contains all the commands used by the Cavalry, viz. Directions for Forming Companies and Squadrons, Rules for Wheelings, the Manual Exercize on Horseback. Evolutions of the Horse, as well as Instructions for Officers. It is bound in printed blue wrap withCommentaries, or the Continental Officers Guide to von Steuben's Drill.The text has been set in. Caslon and the binding designed so that the book can be used without any fear ofThe work is an historical essay not only on theIt is accompanied by a complete series ofIt is available in a stiffEssay on the Replication of Usage of Field Music by the Continental Army of the. United States During the War for Independence. AIn addition to these subjects, theThis work is full of information concerning aThe work is bound in a blue wrapMany of the Regiments. The British forces in America still clung to the old and familiar, if not venerable '64. Bound in aGeneral Officers Serving in the American Revolution, 1776-1784.

ThisA rare narrative relating the early conflicts between the British in New York and their Indian allies against the French in Canada. The work provides an account of the French strength in Canada, as provided by two Dutchmen who had been French prisoners. The work also provides an account of the successful expedition against the French.This is a candid narrative of the transactions of the British fleet under Lord Howe. It covers the period from the arrival of the Toulon Squadron, to the time of his Lordship's departure for England. The work was written by an officer then serving in the fleet and is intended to be an apologia for Lord Howe. Additionally, there is mention made of several regiments, including the 23rd, and contains accounts of grenadiers and light infantry being pressed to serve as marines. There is a folding plan of the fleet within Sandy-Hook in 1778 and contains reflections of the action at Monmouth.The author served four years in the colonies, and twenty in the army. He offers here, his observations as an officer as to how the war could have been won. Critiques are offered on Howe, Burgoyne and others regarding their prosecution of the war. An interesting work with a chillingly different perspective.Light Infantry Exercise of 1797. Although. Light Infantry Companies had been raised and utilized throughout the century,Adjutant General's Office to all corps.This is that work and is the first crown-sanctioned and authorized published work on the subject. The work, is actually a shortened and abridged version of the work that follows and is packed with information. Bound stitchedRegulations for the Exercise of Riflemen and Light Infantry, London, 1799.Army as its official Regulation for the use of Light Troops. It was theCooper and Barber. It is an extremely rare work, despite its wide use withThe work contains plates displayingA must workA larger edition with two foldingThe other edition is a small pocketBoth are stitched as issued.

Regulations of 1757, New York, 1757. This workWar. This work was prepared by the Duke of Cumberland, and his Adjutant. Robert Napier, and Lt. Col. Alexander Drury of the First Foot Guards. ThisSteuben as it was published in Philadelphia in 1779 for use at Valley Forge. This is the first edition of the work, not that issued by Dover Press whichThe work is complete, with full page folding plates in the back just asMutiny Act of 1807. This is a Napoleonic periodThese articles areThis edition of the Articles wereNumeric Dictionary, or the Continental Army's First Code Book. ThisBenjamin Tallmadge, who served as Washington's Chief of Intelligence. There is aThe work contains aThe work presented here was translated with commentary by Rochfort McNeale. General of His Majesty's Foot Forces and Governor of Virginia. The workThe work also contains information on the use ofThere are 8 plates on 5 pages, with interestingFolard's works were considered to be among theMcNeale was one of the few officers who saw the value in Folard and didThe work is important becauseUpn the Different Modes of Finding Recruits for the Army. ThisIt provides an interesting look at the problems faced by theIt dispels the myth that recruiters would National Park collection, became the organizational outline for the American forces. It gives a This is the first, and onlyStitched as System for the Complete Interior Management and Oeconomy of a BattalionIts chapters are wellThe work first appeared in 1768 and went through numerous editions andPlan for the Discipline of the Militia, by Thomas Pickering. ThisIt has numerousAvailable in an 18thScience of Military Posts. This work was publishedIt provides detailed descriptionsMilitary Medley. This work by Thomas Simes,This treatise has long been sought after and those who areThis work, writtenIt served as the basis for the. British forces throughout the war and was also utilized by American troops. It contains 9 folding plans and is bound in marbled wraps.

The work wasMilitary Dictionary of 1768. This 80 pageNarrative of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Clinton, K.B. ThisTreatment of Gunshot Wounds. This 50 pageIn any event, it treat rather extensivelyWritten by Ranby whoA nice companion piece to this work is Jones' work on wounds and fracturesConcise, Practical Remarks on the Treatment of Wounds and Fractures, by. John Jones, MD. This rare work of 113 pagesAmong the chapters included are, Penetrating. Wounds of the Thorax and Abdomen, Of Simple Fractures, Of Compound Fractures,Information Form. This is a translation of Thoma Fouche’s simplified version of the French drillbook from 1791 (2 nd edition). Foreword from the author: I hereby present a newly edited version of the French drill book of 1791. In this brochure I am going into more detail of each command and the movements according to the “Ecole des soldats” and “Ecole des peleton”.Thank you, for helping us keep this platform clean. The editors will have a look at it as soon as possible. Changes to illustrations are indicated by miniature pointing hands or black vertical lines. The use of the letter E or F indicates the change is in English or French only. Total number of pages in this publication is 684 consisting of the following: These will be cancelled by a separate message once distribution of this manual is complete. For enquiries, contact us. These formations are essential to maintain control and ensure uniformity throughout recruit training. As a guide, a squad of:Alertness and exactness in this position is important, and therefore personnel should not be kept at attention longer than necessary. It allows no relaxation but can be maintained without strain for a longer time than the position of attention. This command is only given when the squad is in the position of stand at ease. If an article is carried when marching, the left arm is not swung.

When ordered in connection with a religious event, it is optional for a CAF member to remove or not to remove his or her headdress for religious or spiritual reasons. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements. The standard pause shall be observed between movements. When physical incapacity or carrying of articles makes a salute with the right hand impracticable, compliments will be paid by turning the head and eyes to the left or right or standing to attention, as appropriate (see also Chapter 1, Section 2 ). The standard pause shall be observed between movements. Both knees will be kept braced during the turn, arms at the sides and body erect. On the completion of the movement, the weight of the body is placed on the right foot and the left leg is braced with the heel off the ground as illustrated in Figure 2-9. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements. Balance is maintained by bracing the legs and locking the thighs ( Figure 2-10 ). When the distance is greater, the squad shall be turned and marched the required distance. There is no pause between numbers. The squad member so designated repeats his number and the numbering drill continues.It may also be used by members of the squad to identify themselves. It may be necessary to number the squad prior to proving. When the distance is greater the squad will be marched the required distance. The hand is closed as in the position of attention, back of the hand uppermost and arm parallel to the ground. Movement starts with the left foot (see Figure 2-11 ). Correct covering is taken up by glancing to the front without moving the head. The interval is correct when the closed hand is touching the left shoulder of the person on the right. Enough lateral space is left between the shoulders of each person in the rank to manipulate weapons. The left-hand individual stands fast, looks to the front, and those in the file behind adopt the appropriate distance between ranks.

When the squad is moving to a flank, the individual shall dress with the directing flank. When the squad is formed up, the instructor may detail one person to act as marker, the marker shall then take up the position of the right-hand person of the front rank and stand at ease. If the instructor does not detail a marker, the right-hand person shall assume this duty. The instructor shall then proceed onto the parade ground and halt three paces in front of where he wishes the marker to fall in. An exception occurs in the case of a one-person blank file and an even numbered frontage. In this case, the left-hand person of the centre rank acts according to the standard rule. For a single squad, this is most simply done when originally assembled. For more than one squad, a single multiple-ranked formation can be assembled by ordering squads together. For enquiries, contact us. Battle drills have existed since ancient times. The Romans are reputed to have used cadence marching for tactical formations. Although infantry supremacy and precise drills were eclipsed after the fall of the Roman Empire, and during the feudal era mounted knights ruled combat, infantry drills were resurrected in the 14th Century and slowly developed and improved thereafter. Separate drill procedures for cavalry, artillery, infantry and others (except for equipment drill) were replaced by all arms drill early in the 20th Century as the changed conditions of war gradually divorced tactics from barrack routine. When the three services were unified in 1968, evolution continued by blending the drill detail back into one. It also forms the basis of the precise manoeuvres used in military displays and ceremonies. The term “non-commissioned member” denotes personnel from the rank of private up to and including chief warrant officer. Where appropriate, the female address “Ma’am”, “Ms” or “Miss” shall be used in place of the male address “Sir”.

Parade commanders shall actually use the correct term for the organization under their command; e.g., flight or troop in place of platoon. Here, the officers, warrant officers and non-commissioned officers all have their own duties and functions to perform. Officers should not be drilled by Warrant Officers or non-commissioned officers, except in the case of the initial training of junior officers and refresher instruction under the actual supervision of the commanding officer or adjutant. Officers, warrant officers and non-commissioned officers ensure the respect due to them by their parade appointments by maintaining a command presence and individual drill standard of the highest order. Superiors who undermine a subordinate’s authority fail in their own exercise of command. Commanders may adjust procedures to suit parade circumstances and location, so long as the essential ingredients and customary sequence of traditional parades are recognized. Guidelines are provided in subsequent chapters as required. Special drill sequences, using standard drill movements, may be performed during displays such as tattoos or military pageants, often to memorized routines and without the normal sequence of commands. These qualities are developed through self-discipline and practice. They lead to unit pride and cohesion. Drill that is well taught and executed develops individual pride, mental alertness, precision and esprit-de-corps which will assist the individual service member to carry out orders instinctively at all times. It sets the standard for the execution of any duty, both for the individual and the unit, and builds a sense of confidence between commander and subordinate that is essential to high morale. Commanders must insist on the same high standards both on and off parade to instill these qualities strongly enough to endure the strain of military duty in peace or war.

The systematic correction of minor errors strengthens these characteristics and improves both individual and unit standards. 21A. Canadian Armed Forces personnel, whether as individuals or formed contingents, are forbidden to use the drill movement of a foreign military or domestic organization. Only the CDS can personally, in writing, waive this direction. Requests for waivers must be staffed through the chain-of-command to DHH. The techniques in this article shall be adhered to, thus ensuring the success of the drill instruction. Since example is imitated, the instructor’s appearance and bearing must be of the highest standard. When conducting drill instruction, the instructor shall stand at attention unless it is necessary to demonstrate or to check an individual. The instructor shall execute all movements correctly and smartly. All demonstration shall be correct. Excessive demonstration is a common fault and shall be avoided. Arms drill shall be demonstrated using the appropriate weapon. Faults shall be corrected immediately after they occur. For example, the words “crack”, “drive”, “seize” and “grasp” suggest the degree of smartness required. Profanity or personal sarcasm shall never be used. This does not preclude the instructor, without being offensive, from assisting in the correction of a squad member’s position. During these rest periods, the squad may be questioned on subjects previously taught. The squad shall not be kept in any one position long enough to produce strain and fatigue. Periods of drill at the halt shall be interspersed with movements on the march, with or without arms, at appropriate intervals to keep the squad alert, exercise the muscles, and, as a result, produce a high standard of drill. The instructor shall select the most effective squad formation for the lesson being taught. A squad may be in a single rank, hollow square or semi-circle for elementary drill instruction.

The instructor shall not be corrected within earshot or sight of the squad. They are to be pronounced clearly and distinctly, with confidence and determination, since they convey an order which is to be promptly obeyed. The cautionary command may include additional instructions such as “ADVANCE”, “RETIRE”, etc. The executive command serves as the signal for the movement to be carried out. Throughout this manual, words of command are printed in capital letters.The pause will be as consistent as possible. The cautionary commands ADVANCE and RETIRE indicate a turn or movement in the direction of the front or rear rank (see also Chapter 3, paragraphs 9 to 11 and Chapter 7, paragraph 1 ). Thus: After every turn, the directing flank is given BY THE LEFT (RIGHT). The squad will carry out each order in sequence. As such, In a unilingual English language unit then words of command are normally in English only. In units designated as bilingual, both official languages are used. In this case, foot drill will be done in the language of the majority on parade while weapons drill will be conducted in the other official language. It may be used by the instructor to establish and maintain the correct cadence. It is especially useful when used in conjunction with the drum. The accuracy of the metronome should be checked frequently with a watch. They may also be dressed after moving to close order. A supernumerary rank should normally not be inspected. Ranks not under inspection at the time may be ordered to stand at ease. Similarly, during the inspection of one unit or sub-unit, other units or sub-units not under inspection at the time may be ordered to stand at ease. After the adjustment is finished, the position of attention will be resumed.

The foot is raised 15 cm clear of the ground in quick time and during movements at the halt; the thigh is raised parallel to the ground for all movements executed in slow time (see also special procedures for foot drill on a floating vessel in Chapter 13 ). The other foot is shot forward with the knee braced, ready to carry the weight of the body forward. Although the method of saluting varies with circumstances, the paying of compliments is a fundamental requirement that is indispensable to service discipline. Exceptions, such as compliments paid to deceased service members, are as detailed in paragraphs 20 to 23 and paragraphs 25, 26, 28, 29 et 41. Senior officers receiving compliments from marching troops on a ceremonial parade shall hold the salute as each individual component passes directly by in review. Junior members shall draw their senior’s attention to approaching officers if the circumstances require and allow. The salute should be maintained until the entire group has passed. Sentries shall pay compliments in accordance with Chapter 10, Section 4. If on the march, arms shall be swung and the head turned to the left or right as required. On the march, the headdress is raised or removed, if applicable, and the head turned right or left. When headdress is not worn, it is correct to turn the head as required and offer a polite greeting. In this circumstance, compliments are paid by briefly coming to attention at the office door. Individual compliments shall be paid in a similar fashion. Service members should then proceed to the foot of the grave, in order of seniority, to pay individual respects by saluting. When numbers warrant, members may approach in small informal groups. Detailed instructions for paying compliments by guards and sentries are found in Chapter 10. Seniors participating in a event normally arrive last and depart first (see Battalion Ceremonial Chapter 9, sections 1 and 2 ).

Compliments to the dead shall be paid during the sounding of the calls “Last Post” and “Rouse” when they are used in funerals, memorial and commemorative services. (A Royal or General Salute will be ordered if appropriate). Compliments will commence on the first note and terminate on the last of each call when sounded. Compliments shall be paid as follows: In the latter case, the salute shall be held for the brief silent interval (10 second pause) between “Last Post” and “Rouse”. All members of the class shall sit at attention, arms straight at the side, head and eyes to the front and heels together. Members of the group shall suspend all possible action, without causing physical danger to themselves or others, or damage to equipment, until the order CARRY ON is given. The salute shall commence with the playing of the first note of music and shall be cut away at the end of the last note; In this case officers do not salute. However, the National Anthem will not be played immediately preceeding or following a general salute; and Guns are the Colours of formed artillery units and will be treated as such when they roll past in review on formal ceremonial parades; Officers in personal attendance on a dignitary shall not salute during a Royal or General Salute to that dignitary or when a National Anthem is played as a salute for that dignitary. Those in personal attendance are defined as aides, equerries and the like closely accompanying a dignitary on a podium or parade, etc. Those personal attendants do not salute when their principals are saluted but should salute if their principals initiate the salute.When wearing headdress, the senior passenger in a staff car and the passenger in the front seat of other vehicles shall salute.When circumstances prevent adequate warning of the dignitary’s approach, it may be most effective to render the gun and arms drill salutes together.

On these occasions, the gun salute shall normally commence on the final movement of the present arms, and the arms salute shall be concluded in the normal manner and the parade continued regardless of the fact that the gun salute may still be underway. One member of the boat’s crew shall be detailed to salute if the design of the boat places the officer or coxswain in an inconspicuous position. One stroke after the order is given, the crew sit to attention with their oars horizontal and at right angles to the fore and aft line of the boat with blades feathered. In service boats under sail, the sheets are let fly. In service boats under power, engines are throttled down to idle and the propeller drive disengaged to take way off the boat. All passengers and crew who are not engaged in keeping the boat alongside shall: Designated as either the right or the left flank As a general rule distances are 1.5 paces per file at the full arm dressing and 1 pace per file for all other intervals of dressing. Guides may be used to indicate unit and sub-unit parade square positions for fall-in. The standard pause for drill at the halt is based on two beats of quick time. The standard pause for drill on the march is the period of time required to take two paces. For enquiries, contact us. Diagrams show correct positions and movements of both the member and the rifle. Before commencing instruction, it is important that members of the squad be issued a rifle with the correct butt size and receive instruction in the names of the parts of the rifle and its care and maintenance ( Figure 4-1-1 ). Safety precautions should be carried out at the commencement of arms drill lessons. Weapons should be fitted with a magazine and sling and the bolt should be in the weapon. Optical sights will not be removed for drill purposes. The squad should be in hollow square or single rank. Words of command are given as the left foot is forward and on the ground.

Movements start the next time the left foot comes to the ground. This is tiring for the squad members and will result in sloppy drill. To rest the squad, the following procedures are to be used:Errors will be corrected immediately when they occur. Movements for rifle and carbine drill have been coordinated to ensure units armed with both carry out actions together. The muzzle will be pulled back between the arm and the side of the body. The position of the right hand will not vary with the height of the individual, but the position of the right elbow will be either bent or straight. If the elbow is bent it will be held close to the body and to the rear; Care must be taken not to kick or step on arms when they are grounded. The marker detailed by the instructor shall take up position as the right-hand person of the front rank and stand at ease. The top of the magazine is level with the throat and the rear sight is 10 cm from the body; The right forearm rests in the groin, the fingers of the right hand straightened down the right side of the butt and the thumb down the left; A standard pause shall be observed between the movements. On such occasions bayonets will be carried, but will not be fixed. In the case of special ceremonial parades, i.e., Guards of Honour for Royal personages, separate instructions will be issued by the chain of command. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements. This command may be ordered individually, by ranks or collectively at the discretion of the inspecting officer. The last two members of the rank act together. Similar to Chapter 5, Section 1. The movement of the hand is the same whether saluting to the front or to a flank. The head and eyes are turned in the required direction when the salute is to a flank. As the left hand catches the weapon, the pistol grip is gripped with the right hand in an overhand grasp.

Elbows shall be held close to the body and the weapon shall be held 10 cm from the body. The standard pause is observed between the movements. The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle.The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle.The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle.At the halt the position of attention is maintained. No hand salute is given. When doubling and the command HALT is ordered, the rifle is returned to the original position after a standard pause when the halt has been completed. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements. The entire movement is executed to a count of ten seconds. All movements shall be executed without pause and with smooth and solemn dignity. A count of 10 seconds shall be used to complete the entire sequence as follows:A standard pause is observed between the movements. A standard pause is observed between the movements. The firing party shall be formed from the funeral guard commanded by the funeral guard commander and will comprise:Weapons should again be reversed before stepping off. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements. Keep the right hand level with the top of the breast pocket. For enquiries, contact us. Such manuals were especially important in the matchlock and flintlock eras, when loading and firing was a complex and lengthy process typically carried out in close order. When capitalized, the term has reference to one of several important manuals, such as the British Army manual of 1764, the manual of Frederick the Great or Von Steuben 's Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States, adopted by the Continental Army in 1777. The positions and evolutions contained in such manuals have become the standard for parade drill throughout most of the world.You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v t e By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. For other uses, see Present Arms (disambiguation).

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.This was used especially between 1700 and about the late nineteenth century in Great BritainThis movement is divided up into 2 parts. At the same time, the left hand is brought up sharply and is to grasp the rifle just above the magazine. This movement is divided into 2 parts. The rifle itself does not move.Absent a weapon, the standard military salute is rendered, hand above the right eye, palm facing forward.For commands only to officers carrying swords ( sabres ), the command would be: Hormat Pedang, Gerak!, but when officers who parade with men carrying rifles in a ceremony, the Hormat Senjata, Gerak.Ukraine has conducted the command differently since the fall of the Soviet Union, executing it similarly to the Polish version.A full arms salute is given to Officers of rank Major and above. A butt salute, with presentation of weapon and left arm at trigger is given to junior officers. In sword drill, the sword is raised, an act of kissing, then lowered in an 8-beat. The sword is pulled back fully.Next, the right arm is to move the rifle across to the centre of the body, keeping it vertical, with the magazine pointed outwards, whilst the left hand is to be moved 6 inches in front of the rifle. The rifle is then moved down until the right arm is as extended as it can be, with the rifle kept vertically in front of the body, with the left hand striking and gripping the rifle shortly above the trigger guard. The right foot is then moved (in the Army and RAF the leg is bent to 90 degrees, in the navy this is not the case), and placed so that the hollow of the right foot is touching the heel of the left, at an angle of 30 degrees.